The festival mainly celebrated on 13 or 14 April every year. It celebrated with great pomp in the Punjab region and other parts of the country. Baisakhi is a Sikh festival that symbolizes the New Year for the Sikh community. The people of the Hindu community also celebrate this festival. There is also a way to honor the Khalsa Panth of warriors under Guru Govind Singh. The Khalsa Panth has established in the year 1699 AD.
Baisakhi awaited by all sections, especially those belonging to the Sikh community, as it is one of their major festivals. This Baisakhi festival considered the first day of the year. This day is also a time to celebrate the harvesting of crops. The temple and gurudwara decorated with lights and flowers. All dress well and enjoy the food.
HOW WAS THE NAME BAISAKHI IN BAISAKHI FESTIVAL?
Which state of festival is Baisakhi? Visakha Nakshatra is in the sky at the time of Baisakhi. This April month called Baisakhi due to Visakha Nakshatra being on a full moon. The first day of Vaishakh month called Baisakhi because, on this day, the Sun enters Aries. That is why it also called the Baisakhi festival as Miss Sakranti.
IMPORTANCE OF BAISAKHI FESTIVAL :
A. FOR HINDU COMMUNITY :
It believed that the heart of Baisakhi is traditional and the first day of the New Year. People of the Hindu community celebrate their New Year on this day by going to temples and praying, interacting with each other, and greeting their friends and relatives.
During this time, the harvest completed, and farmers all over the country celebrate the harvest on this day. Different names in different Indian states know the Baisakhi festival.
• Rongali Bihu in Assam.
•Maha Vishwa Sankranti in Odisha.
•Pohela Bosakh or Nab Bars in West Bengal and Tripura.
Baisakhi celebrated in Punjab as harvesting because Ravi crops are grown in Punjab at this time. The farmers thank God for the harvest and, in the future, also pray to God for his good harvest.
B. FOR THE SIKH COMMUNITY :
The festival of Baisakhi mainly considered as the festival of learning. Sikh Guru Amardas chose two other festivals for Sikhs, Deepavali and Makara Sakranti. Baisakhi, like Hinduism, signifies the beginning of the new year in Sikhism and is also a day to celebrate.
• Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Telangana.
• Punthadu in Tamil Nadu.
•Visu in Kerala.
Some of these celebrated on the day of Baisakhi. Some celebrated only after a day or two.
The day also special for Sikhs because the Sikh order initiated on this day, after the ninth Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur, who rejected the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb’s order to confess to Islam. After this, the coronation and Khalsa Panth of his tenth Guru formed.
Baisakhi festival in Golden Temple :
While Baisakhi fair and procession organized in many places worldwide, no celebration can match the celebration celebrated in the Golden Temple. The Golden Temple, also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib, is considered the most sacred place for the Sikh community. Sikhs from various parts of the world visit the Golden Temple to participate in the grand divine ceremony.
WHY IS THE FESTIVAL OF BAISAKHI CELEBRATES?
The festival of Baisakhi also celebrated in the joy of harvesting crops. Secondly, this festival also symbolizes the establishment of Sikhism. Because on this day, Guru Shri Govind Singh Ji established the Khalsa Panth, which also considered the beginning of Punjabi New Year.
BAISAKHI FESTIVAL :
What type of festival is Baisakhi? There are many reasons to celebrate this festival. It celebrated with great enthusiasm in different parts of the country. People sing sacred songs, burn firecrackers and distribute sweets, prayers offered, and people enjoy and celebrate this festival through this huge procession. Hindus celebrate this festival by taking a dip in holy rivers like Ganga, Kaveri, and Jhelum and visiting temples. They celebrate this festival and celebration together and enjoy it with their near and dear ones.
BAISAKHI FESTIVAL AROUND THE WORLD :
The festival of Baisakhi celebrated in India and celebrated loudly all over the world, which is like this.
1. PAKISTAN :
Many historical sites of Sikhs have been recognized in Pakistan, one of which said to be the birthplace of Guru Nanak Dev, and they attract Sikhs and Hindu pilgrims on Baisakhi every year.
Baisakhi fair organized in Lahore after harvesting wheat crops. The Pakistan Muslim League banned kite flying. However, Baisakhi fairs still held in many Pakistani areas and some other places.
2. CANADA :
In Canada, there are many Sikhs who are celebrating the Baisakhi festival with great enthusiasm. It is one of the main festivals for him. Nagar Kirtan organized on this day, and a large number of people take part in it.
3. UNITED STATES :
The people of the Sikh community in Manhattan feed free food on this day and contribute to various works to improve society. Kirtan organized in Los Angeles, and a procession taken out to celebrate this fest festival.
4. UNITED KINGDOM :
There is also a large Sikh community in the United Kingdom. The city kirtans start from the gurdwaras in the city and end at the Baisakhi fair held at Handsworth Park. This year Sadiq Khan, the Mayor of London, participated in the Baisakhi parade of the gurdwara in Southall.